Emic operations, within cultural materialism, are ones in which the descriptions and analyses are acceptable by the native as real, meaningful, and appropriate. Williams viewed culture as a "productive process", part of the means of productionand cultural materialism often identifies what he called "residual", "emergent" and "oppositional" cultural elements.
New York: St. Harris, Marvin and Orna Johnson. Postmodernists believe that reliance upon "Etic" in studying culture is not appropriate, as science is merely a function of culture. Darity, Jr. Cultural Anthropology, 7th edition.
Marxist Materialism believes social change is beneficial to the ruling Bourgeoisie class only, while Cultural Materialists believe social change is beneficial to the working Proletariat class as well. Continue Reading.
Tucker, Bram. Cultural materialists like Marvin Harris contend that the infrastructure is the most critical aspect as it is here where the interaction between culture and environment occurs. New York: St. Cultural Materialism as a Research Method By using cultural materialism as a research method we can produce a critical understanding of the values, beliefs, and worldviews of a period through close study of cultural products, and we can discern how they connect to the greater social structure, social trends, and social problems. Lukas, Scott A. The research strategy prioritizes etic behavior phenomena. Accessed March 5, The primary question that arises in applying the techniques of science to understand the differences and similarities between cultures is how the research strategy "treats the relationship between what people say and think as subjects and what they say and think and do as objects of scientific inquiry". Johnson, Michelle C. They argued that societies go through the several stages, from tribalism to feudalism to capitalism to communism.
Traditional humanist readings often eschewed consideration of the oppressed and marginalized in textual readings, whereas cultural materialists routinely consider such groups in their engagement with literary texts, thus opening new avenues of approach to issues of representation in the field of literary criticism.
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